Cockle Culture Way

INTRODUCTION cockle started in 1984 by a village chief in Bagan Pancor, Perak. This experiment has been successful and has since evolved to cockle along the mangrove swamp on the West Coast Semenanjuga and estimated the potential area is 28.540 hectares. Shellfish species commonly grown in Australia is of Anadora Granosa.
It is good to have a total market in neighboring countries, particularly Thailand and Singapore.
This animal has several advantages compared with other animals including: -
  • Method hunting tools
  • Management and maintenance of minimum
  • To return / profit as possible.
  • Has a potential market with favorable prices.
Until now done cockle culture is partially dependent on the natural seed supply. Seed oysters could be produced in Middleton, but the expense is high and very low rates of life. 

Selection is based on the appropriate area of land and water, namely: -
  1. Areas protected from currents and waves.
  2. State of the muddy seabed of fine and soft with a thickness of 46-76 cm. Texture contrast soil contains 50-80% clay and silt remaining.
  3. Salinity of about 18 (ppt)
  4. Gradient culture medium site policy.
Area free from pollution and harm. Identified suitable areas must first obtain approval from the state government to obtain a temporary license ownership (TOL). Area of the economy for individuals to carry out animal is 10 hectares (+25 acres).
Type of shellfish species cultured are from (Anadara Granosa) The right to exercise cockle
Seeds of common shells found in the muddy shore of dental mangroves or estuaries. Seed collection is made once it reaches the size of 4-10 mm. Tangguk collection is made with wire, wooden tray and a piece of board. This device is pulled through the surface of the mud several times and then cleaned to separate the seed oysters with mud.
Collection of seeds is usually used boat in a natural area at low tide. Price depends on size of seed shellfish seed to seed size from 1.000 to 3.000 / kg RM60.00/guni estimated price. Seed size is 6.4cm shells are tender. 

Seed dissemination work done by boat. Prior to the distribution of seeds is made, shell-shell and the enemies of shellfish (snails excavators) to be removed. Seed sowing should be made in good weather and the water started to install. Seeds should be sown as soon as they come to the site to prevent the death of seedlings due to the pressure (stress). Sowing seeds evenly so that the shellfish should be growing well. Rate of sowing seeds depends on seed size and fitness area.
SHELL SELERAK change and remove predators
Within 3-4 months after the seed sown, the density of shellfish should be inspected. If found to be irregular so it should be changed selerak to produce rapid growth shells. Current activities selerak change made enemies of shellfish to be collected / captured and removed / killed. Among the enemies of the snail shells thorns, small snails Belitung, common snails, mussels ginger, star snails and stingrays. Size cockle clams reach market size adult is 3.8cm.

To achieve a market size of 80-100 seeds / kg (70 grains / pounds) this animal usually takes 12-18 months from the date of the seeds sown. Growing oysters is influenced by site fertility, water quality, size and density of seeds sown.
Before the animals collected for the market, estimating the stock should be made to determine the quantity of shellfish stocks to be sold in retail or tender. Tangguk collection made by using wire, basically the same tool with the collection of seeds only tool length of wire (mesh size) is larger. Collection Maintenance Activities Cockles are: -
1. Shake the device to collect shells.
2. Save while on the boat to the base landed
3. Separate the shells from the trash, empty shell-shell and other snails.
4. Fill shells into the sack with an estimated 70 kg / sack.
5. Transport the shellfish to be sold to wholesalers or retailers.
The calculation of revenue based on the following:
The net size of cockles - 2,000 seeds / kg of seed distribution - 50 sacks / ha Duration -18 months cattle livestock area - 10 ha of Life Rate - 50% Market Size - 100 pieces / kg Price Cockle General - RM 25.00/guni a sack - 70 Sales of 1.000 kg bags / ha x Rm45/guni 10ha x 50% x RM225, 000
Cockles Operating Costs
  • 50 bags / ha x 10 ha x RM150/guni RM75, 000
  • Wages Sprinkle RM 10,000
  • Wages and Wash Area Selerak RM15, 000
  • Amount of RM100, 000
  • Maintenance
  • Boat Maintenance RM5, 000
  • Boats Oil RM10, 000
  • Engine Maintenance / spikes of RM5, 000
  • Maintenance Pondok RM3, 000
  • Other RM2, 000
  • Amount of RM25, 000
  • Cost Management Toll Fee (250 x 20) x 18 months RM10, 000
  • Salary 2 people watch (2 × 650) RM23, 400
  • Contingency RM10, 000
  • Amount of RM43, 400
  • Grand Total expenses RM168, 400
  • Gross Revenue / Round RM56, 600 (Sales-Expenses)
  • Monthly Income (in 18 months) RM3, 144.00
The problems may be encountered in the cockle currently is not a constant supply of seed-Theft clam enemies (predators), Water Pollution (Industrial Waste) Snail Ginger is one of the main enemy shells
The waves provide technical advisory services such as carrying out appropriate research and marketing of livestock.
Investment opportunities in the livestock project is open to all, particularly the Association of Fishermen, fishing groups and individuals.
Aquaculture Development Section Fishing Industry Development Division, Malaysian Fisheries Development Authority of Level 11, Wisma PKNS Jalan Raja Laut, 50350 Kuala Lumpur Tel: 03-26177000

Sebarau fishing technique (bait drift)

Sebarau is a freshwater predator fish scales on the Malaysian entertainment. It is an aggressive predator and very like to play in areas that have current. Agile, active and aggressive when hunting for fish fry or shrimp. The head is similar to the complaint, but his body is flat and has a red tail-shaped "V" and framed in black, the body is a black stripes like a black belt taekwando.

For this fishing, patience and the right skills required to mendaratkannya. This is because of these fish prefer to stay in the water have current and highly sensitive to human presence. Fishing can also use the usual way by using the weight but it is not the best way to fish this sebarau.
There are two best ways to fish is by using gewang sebarau (casting) or use the live bait. However, the use of live bait is the best of the best. The use of live bait for fishing sebarau, the technique is more effective bait drift be
cause it makes you look like a bait fish that is free and natural. For bait fishing float, sinker can not be used because it will make the bait sink in the river bed. We recommend that main line connected to the small size of Chile and a fine long perambut about sehasta. Use a smaller hook for the bait and thus does not cause bait to die. Hook is in the mouth should dicangkuk bait (fish fry) to make the bait swim normally, if dicangkuk hook at the top of the fish, this will make the fish swim horizontally when exposed to current, this will cut the bait, and it will make the sebarau membaham not feel suspicious and bait.

The Type Of Squid

About 300 different species of squid exist. The two main suborders of squid are myopsida and oegopsida. Members of the myopsida suborder live in relatively shallow waters. Their eyes are covered by a transparent membrane, and they have suckers, rather than hooks, on their tentacles. Let's look at some common members of the myopsida suborder:
  • California market squid (Loligo opalescens) - Market squid live in shallow waters close to the shorelines in the eastern Pacific Ocean, from Mexico north to Alaska. They are plentiful in the waters of Monterey Bay, California, where they've been harvested by fishermen since the 1800s. 
  • Common European squid (Loligo vulgaris) - European squid can be found in the Mediterranean Sea and eastern Atlantic Ocean. They live in depths of 65 to 850 feet (20 to 250 meters), and are typically small, weighing about 3.3 pounds (1.5 kilograms) and measuring 16 inches (42 centimeters) long. 
  • Caribbean reef squid (Sepioteuthis sepioidea) - As their name suggests, these squid live in the Caribbean Sea, as well as off the Florida coast. The torpedo-shaped squid more closely resemble cuttlefish than squid -- they are wider and have larger fins than most other squid varieties.
  • Members of the oegopsida suborder live out in the ocean and deep sea. They have no cornea over their eyes, and their tentacles are lined with suckers and/or hooks. Here are a few common varieties of the oegopsida suborder:
  • Shortfin squid (Illex illecebrosus) - Shortfins live in the Atlantic Ocean, from Florida to Newfoundland, Canada. These squid have a longer-than-normal migratory period. They travel south to place their eggs in warmer waters. 
  • Deep-sea luminescent squid (Taningia danae) - The deep-sea luminescent squid live in depths of up to 3,000 feet in the North Atlantic, and off the coasts of Bermuda, Hawaii, Japan, Australia, and New Zealand. To survive in its pitch-dark surroundings, this type of squid creates its own light -- (bioluminescence), created by organs called photophores. The Taningia danae gets its name from the Danish research ship, Dana, which in 1931 caught one of these squid off the coast of the Cape Verde Islands. 
  • That this type of danger to be friends
  • Humboldt squid (Dosidicus gigas) - Humboldts live in the eastern Pacific. These enormous creatures have earned the nickname "red devil" for their red skin and the ferocity of their attacks. They are merciless with their prey, and have even been known to go after sharks. The Humboldt squid grows at an amazing rate -- by adulthood, it can reach 7 to 15 feet in length and can weigh as much as 100 pounds.  
In the depths of the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean, pairs of glowing red eyes cut through the gloom. They belong to the vampire squid from hell (Vampyroteuthis infernalis), part of its own squid order -- Vampyromorpha. The vampire squid's sinister name comes from its appearance -- it has red eyes, a black body and webbed arms that resemble Dracula's cape. Despite its intimidating appearance, however, the vampire squid is actually quite docile. It sits motionless in the water until its prey approaches, and then it catches the food in its webbed arms.

How to Catch Crabs?

Assalammualikum ..... to all fishing ....... just want to intervene even if it's a topic to be presented not to do with fishing ........ but just want to add only knowledge ..... because these species breed in the sea, it's not wrong when we talked on this topic, which is about to catch crab?.
  1. How to catch crabs presumably ??..... I can usually only the shrimp nets came nipah crabs.
  2. What equipment is used to catch crabs?. Once found, such as traps were there.
  3. What kind of crab can be eaten ?.......
  4. Species and different ways of life which is ?.....
  5. In terms of bait to catch crabs of what ?......

Hopefully everyone can give their views and fishing information for new people like me ........ All I know ...... just eat crabs only way to catch crabs had never seen.
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